Health, Safety and Ergonomics
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Workplace stress is the harmful physical and emotional responses that can happen when there is a conflict between job demands on the However, it is a much broader problem, consisting of any act Also covered are prevention of slips, trips and falls, as well as driving tips and working safely with compressed air. A lot can happen when you're behind the wheel of a car or truck.
Learn about common driving hazards and distractions, seasonal factors, The voltage of the electricity and the available electrical current in regular An operator Know the hazards associated with the activities and tasks Machines help get the job done, but can also be dangerous if not used properly. Read the owner's manuals carefully.
Make sure you receive For many workers, tools are a necessary part of getting the job done. This section looks at some of the more common workplace hazards, and how to eliminate or control them. All hazards found in a regular workspace such as air quality, chemical exposures, and fires, can also be found in a confined space. Laser beam hazards include eye and skin burns In a workplace, However, workplace violence is a much broader problem.
It is any act in which a person Hazards There are many types of hazards - chemical, ergonomic, physical, and psychosocial, to name a few - which can cause harm or adverse effects in the workplace. Chemicals Access chemical information with substance. In order for a chemical to become hazardous to a person's health, it must first contact or enter the body and the chemical must have some WHMIS is a comprehensive system for providing information on the safe use of hazardous products in Canadian workplaces, via Whether in industrial or office settings, proper lighting makes all work tasks easier.
If this work is done in awkward postures, there is a risk of developing a musculoskeletal disorder MSD. The risk increases as postures become more awkward and the duration of holding those postures increases. The following outlines the specific legal requirements under the Occupational Health and Safety Act regarding the use of computers or mobile technology:.
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Under clause 25 1 b , employers must make sure the equipment, materials and protective devices they provide are maintained in good condition. Under clause 25 2 a , employers must provide workers with information, instruction and supervision to protect their health and safety.
Under clause 25 2 d , employers must make sure that workers or a person in authority over a worker for example, supervisor or manager are acquainted with the hazards in their work. This includes MSD hazards when working with computers or mobile technology. Under clause 25 2 h , employers must take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker, including from MSD hazards while working with computers or mobile technology.
Some sector-specific Occupational Health and Safety Act regulations may also apply to working with computers or mobile technology, including:. Under section 21 of Regulation - Industrial Establishments , employers must provide artificial lighting and reduce shadows and glare to a minimum when there is inadequate natural lighting. Under sections of O. While working with computers or mobile technology, a worker can experience muscular fatigue and discomfort due to their posture.
2. Establish a Sound Organizational Framework for Ergonomics
Whether standing or sitting, a worker should be able to work in a neutral posture when working with a computer or mobile technology in order to minimize postural demands. While workers should be able to work in neutral postures when sitting or standing, any posture can be tiring after some time. In order to avoid the negative effects of prolonged sitting or standing in one posture for extended hours, workers should be able to:. This can be achieved by switching between sitting and standing or with adjustable equipment for example, chairs, desks, monitors or keyboard supports.
Occupational Health and Safety & Ergonomics
Source: adapted from Figure A. Adjustable equipment lets a worker change postures and helps workers of different abilities and sizes use the same workstation.
Equipment should be selected and positioned so that parts of the body are not exposed to contact stress stress that occurs when the skin and underlying tissues of a body part are exposed to pressure from resting or rubbing against a hard or sharp object. For more information on workstation setup, please see the Canadian Standards Association standard on office ergonomics: Z Office ergonomics - An application standard for workplace ergonomics.
Ergonomics - WorkSafeBC
It also helps employers and workers Learn about ways to reduce the risk when bending down to engage with young children or carrying This guide contains basic information on how to identify and solve problems with computer workstations and is intended primarily as a self-help guide for workers. The guide includes recommendations for WorkSafeBC Home. Need coverage? Manage your account Get a clearance letter Know how much coverage costs Apply for coverage. About Us. Contact Us. Find more about Ergonomics. Ergonomics Ergonomics is about interactions between people and their physical and organizational environments.
What is a musculoskeletal injury? The risks Assessing the risks How to reduce the risks Resources.
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Engineering controls Physical modifications to facilities, equipment, and processes can reduce risk factor for MSIs. Some question to consider: Can mechanical lifting aids such as hoists, pallet jacks, carts, or conveyors be used instead of manual material handling? Can the load be lifted within the range of knee to waist height?
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Can the vertical distance the load has to be lifted or lowered be shortened? Options may include limiting shelf height, and raising the worker. Can stooped or twisted positions be avoided by providing unrestricted work space, or arranging the workspace differently? Can the size of the load be made smaller? Options include ordering smaller containers, or having workers make two trips with smaller loads rather than one trip with a heavy load. Can carrying distance be shortened by changing the workflow?